As the nation deals with a divisive debate over immigration policies, a new study offers some insight into the stakes in that debate by examining and ranking states based on the economic contributions of their immigrant populations. Washington earned a sixth-place showing in the ranking, according to the study by personal finance platform WalletHub.
Among the findings for Washington state: the state ranked 5th in the percentage of Fortune 500 companies founded by immigrants or their children; 7th for both the percentage of jobs generated by immigrant-owned businesses and for the percentage of STEM workers out of total STEM Workers; 11th in a measure of the median household income of its foreign-born population; and 12th in terms of the economic contribution of international students per capita.
Currently, much of the [immigration] debate revolves around border security and President Trump’s border wall, which may receive $7.2 billion in diverted Pentagon funds this year,” the WalletHub study states. “This proposition has divided lawmakers. But political differences aside, there’s no question that immigration as a whole affects the economy.”
Ranking first in the WalletHub study was New York, followed by California, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Maryland ― all so-called Blue “liberal” states. Ranking at the bottom of the list in the study were the “conservative” Red states of South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming and Mississippi ― which was dead last.
The WalletHub study assessed the 50 states and the District of Columbia across 23 metrics in four areas using various public and private data sources. The four major categories examined in the WalletHub study are as follows:
- # Immigrant workforce, which includes datapoints such as work visas per capita and a state’s share of foreign-born workers.
# Socioeconomic contribution, including measures such as median annual household income growth of foreign-born individuals.
# Brain gain and innovators, which covers metrics such as the share of Fortune 500 companies founded by immigrants or their children and the percentage of foreign-born STEM workers.
# International students, which covers items such as the economic contributions of international students and the share of all students who are international students.